For most of the people who have been hit by the virus, COVID-19 took a few weeks to even months to recover from the virus. However, this does not mean that all of them were able to recover without the long-term effects of the virus. A few were still experiencing symptoms after their initial recovery.
These individuals are frequently referred to as “long haulers,” and the symptoms are known as a post-COVID-19 syndrome or “long COVID-19.” These health problems are frequently referred to as post-COVID-19 illnesses. They are usually thought to be COVID-19 adverse effects that last for more than four weeks after you’ve been identified with the virus while some experience it even after months of recovery.
Though they don’t carry the virus anymore in their system, they still experience these symptoms. So, what are the long-term effects of COVID-19?
Loss of Taste and/or Smell
There have been several patients who have already recovered from the virus, however, have not yet gotten back their sense of taste and smell. Losing your sense of taste and smell is one of the symptoms of the virus and several people have reported not getting it back even after their initial recovery.
Although COVID-19 is thought to be a disease that predominantly affects the lungs, it may also harm many other organs. This organ damage may raise the likelihood of long-term health issues.
COVID-19 can induce strokes, seizures, and Guillain-Barre syndrome, which causes temporary or partial paralysis, even in children. COVID-19 may potentially raise the risk of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease.
Some people who recover from COVID-19 have been reported to have a range of neurological health problems. Some individuals who recover from their disease may continue to have neuropsychiatric problems, such as tiredness, “fuzzy brain,” or disorientation.
The form of pneumonia commonly linked with COVID-19 can cause long-term damage to the lungs’ small air sacs (alveoli). The scar tissue that forms, as a result, might cause long-term respiratory difficulties.
The virus causes inflammation, which causes cardiac damage. This can lead to long-term cardiac issues, such as irregular heartbeats or heart attacks. Furthermore, imaging studies performed months after recovery from COVID-19 has revealed long-term damage to the heart muscle, even in patients who only suffered moderate COVID-19 symptoms. This may raise the risk of eventual heart failure or other cardiac problems.
Certain people who recover from COVID-19 develop a variety of long-term pulmonary problems. These people may have chronic pulmonary dysfunction, such as difficulties breathing and shortness of breath. Several will not be able to restore normal lung function.
It is seen in most COVID-19 patients that blood clots can form in the tiny capillaries that run through the lungs and heart, as well as the larger pulmonary arteries and major veins in the legs. Clots can cause scarring in the lungs, which can impede blood flow and limit lung capacity.
Mood and Fatigue
Individuals with serious COVID-19 symptoms are frequently treated in a hospital’s critical care unit, where they require artificial breathing help such as ventilators. Simply surviving this incident increases a person’s chances of developing post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety later in life. Not to mention, if they are already experiencing the long-term effects that were mentioned above, you would easily get fatigued and would feel in a lower mental state.
There are still a lot of unknown long-term effects of COVID-19 post recovery and doctors, researchers and specialists are working hard to uncover these. So it’s critical to note that most COVID-19 patients recover rapidly. However, the possible long-term consequences of COVID-19 end up making it even more necessary to take steps to limit the spread of COVID-19. Wearing masks, social distance, avoiding crowds, obtaining a vaccination when available, and keeping hands clean is all of the precautions you should follow.